Prostate cancer is the cancer of the prostate, which is a gland produces seminal fluid in men. It is the second most common types of cancer in men with about 10% of the male population diagnosed during their lifetime. African-American males over age 65 have the greatest risk. Statistics show that around 164,690 new prostate cancer cases are diagnosed each year, causing 29,430 deaths annually [R].
The Prostate Cancer Foundation states that age is the topmost risk factor in prostate cancer. However, certain genetic and lifestyle factors come into play as well, such as a family history of cancer, smoking, weight, diet, and race [R].
The most advised preventative measure is maintaining a healthy weight and diet. Some evidence shows that sticking to a diet that is low in fat and high in vegetables and fruits can lower the risk. On the contrary, obese males with a BMI of 30 or higher are at an increased risk [R] [R].
Aside from eating a healthy diet, exercise also plays a role in preventing prostate cancer, other types of cancers, and cardiovascular disease. Regular exercise is also a great way to maintain your weight or shed some weight [R] [R].
For additional precautionary method, you can also take the following scientifically proven supplements.
Curcumin is the most active and most abundant curcuminoids found in turmeric, making up 77% of the total curcuminoids present in turmeric [R]. It was also found to be the most potent cancer cell growth inhibitor that induces cell death in prostate tumor cells through mitochondrial damage [R] [R].
2. Saw palmetto
In a certain study, it was found that saw palmetto extract can prevent prostate cancer by increasing the production of the p53 protein [R]. Another study found that saw palmetto extracts blocks 5-alpha-reductase, which as an enzyme responsible in prostate enlargement [R].
3. Guanabana leaf
4. Red Clover
A study found that Asian males who have a high-isoflavone diet reduce their prostate cancer risk compared to American males. Red clover is rich in isoflavones, and consuming a daily dose of 160 mg isoflavones from red clover inhibited prostate cancer growth by apoptosis (programmed cell death) [R].
Vitex agnus-castus or chaste tree is a flowering plant that is indigenous to southwestern Europe and western Asia [R]. The extract of its fruit called chasteberry was found in a lab test to reduce cancer cell growth and kill prostate cancer cells. This was indicative of its use in the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) [R].
6. Grape Seed Extract
The extract of grape seeds contains large amounts of an antioxidant called polyphenols [R]. A large observational study involving 35,000 people found that using grape seed extract resulted in a 41% reduction in prostate cancer risk [R].
We strongly advise you to have regular check-ups with your doctor and lab tests (blood, kidney, and liver) at least once every six months if you decide to take any oral herbal medicine or supplements mentioned in the list for long-term.